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Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5)
Registration No. 333-213349

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

(To the Prospectus Dated September 9, 2016)

 

LOGO

Up to 1,880,765 Shares of Common Stock

Warrants to Purchase up to 940,380 Shares of Common Stock

 

 

We are offering an aggregate of 1,880,765 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, and warrants to purchase up to 940,380 shares of common stock. Each share of common stock is being sold together with one half of a warrant to purchase one share of our common stock for the combined purchase price of $0.65. The warrants are exercisable for five years from the date of issuance at an exercise price of $0.75 per share. The shares of common stock and warrants will be issued separately. This prospectus also registers the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the warrants being offered.

Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB of the OTC Markets under the symbol “CYDY.” On October 10, 2017, the closing price of our common stock was $0.673 per share.

 

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page S-6 of this prospectus supplement.

We retained Paulson Investment Company, LLC as our exclusive placement agent to use its reasonable best efforts to solicit offers to purchase the securities in this offering. The placement agent has no obligation to buy any of the securities from us or to arrange for the purchase or sale of any specific number or dollar amount of the securities. We expect that delivery of the securities being offered pursuant to this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus will be made on or about October 11, 2017.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus supplement is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

     Per Share of
Common
Stock and
Warrant
     Total  

Public offering price

   $ 0.65      $ 1,222,500  

Placement agent commissions to be paid by us(1)

   $ 0.0585      $ 110,025  

Proceeds, before expenses, to us(2)

   $ 0.5915      $ 1,112,475  

 

(1) We have also agreed to issue warrants to purchase shares of common stock to the placement agent equal to 8% of the shares of common stock initially issued to investors in this offering as well as a one-time non-accountable expense fee of $25,000 for aggregate expenses incurred collectively in this offering and the September 8, 2017 offering. For additional information about the compensation paid to the placement agent, see “Plan of Distribution.”
(2) The amount of the offering proceeds to us presented in this table does not give effect to any exercise of the warrants being issued in this offering.

 

 

Paulson Investment Company, LLC

The date of this prospectus supplement is October 11, 2017.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Prospectus Supplement

 

     Page  

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

     S-1  

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     S-2  

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT SUMMARY

     S-3  

THE OFFERING

     S-4  

RISK FACTORS

     S-6  

DIVIDEND POLICY

     S-9  

USE OF PROCEEDS

     S-10  

DILUTION

     S-11  

DESCRIPTION OF THE SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING

     S-13  

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

     S-15  

LEGAL MATTERS

     S-17  

EXPERTS

     S-18  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

     S-19  

INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

     S-20  

Prospectus

 

     Page  

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

     1  

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     2  

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

     3  

RISK FACTORS

     4  

USE OF PROCEEDS

     5  

THE SECURITIES WE MAY OFFER

     6  


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DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

     7  

DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

     10  

DESCRIPTION OF OVERALLOTMENT PURCHASE RIGHTS

     12  

DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

     14  

DESCRIPTION OF RIGHTS

     24  

DESCRIPTION OF UNITS

     25  

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

     26  

LEGAL MATTERS

     30  

EXPERTS

     31  

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

     32  

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

     33  


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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

In this prospectus supplement, CytoDyn Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries are referred to herein as “CytoDyn,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our,” unless the context indicates otherwise.

This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus relate to the offering of shares of our common stock and warrants to purchase shares of our common stock. Before buying any of the shares of common stock and warrants to purchase shares of our common stock offered hereby, we urge you to carefully read this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, together with the information incorporated herein by reference as described under the headings “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Documents by Reference.” These documents contain important information that you should consider when making your investment decision. This prospectus supplement contains information about the common stock and warrants offered hereby and may add, update or change information in the accompanying prospectus.

You should rely only on the information that we have provided or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. Neither we nor any of our affiliates have authorized any other person to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it.

We are not making offers to sell or solicitations to buy our securities in any jurisdiction in which an offer or solicitation is not authorized or in which the person making that offer or solicitation is not qualified to do so or to anyone to whom it is unlawful to make an offer or solicitation. You should assume that the information in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus or any related free writing prospectus is accurate only as of the date on the front of the document and that any information that we have incorporated by reference is accurate only as of the date of the document incorporated by reference, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or any related free writing prospectus, or any sale of a security.

This document is in two parts. The first part is this prospectus supplement, which adds to and updates information contained in the accompanying prospectus. The second part, the prospectus, provides more general information, some of which may not apply to this offering. Generally, when we refer to this prospectus, we are referring to both parts of this document combined. To the extent there is a conflict between the information contained in this prospectus supplement and the information contained in the accompanying prospectus, you should rely on the information in this prospectus supplement.

This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus contain summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described herein, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information. All of the summaries are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been or will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part or as exhibits to documents incorporated by reference herein, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described below under the headings “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Documents by Reference.”

Trademarks and Trade Names

This prospectus supplement contains references to our trademarks and to trademarks belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to in this prospectus supplement, including logos, artwork and other visual displays, may appear without the ® or TM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their rights thereto. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names or trademarks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies.

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus contains certain forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including statements regarding the Company’s upcoming meeting with the FDA to discuss the adequate number and type of evaluable patients required for efficacy and safety necessary to support the filing of a Biologic License Application and our intention to continue enrolling patients in our CD02 combination trial. Words and expressions reflecting optimism, satisfaction or disappointment with current prospects, as well as words such as “believes,” “hopes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “plans,” “anticipates” and variations thereof, or the use of future tense, identify forward-looking statements, but their absence does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Our forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and actual results could differ materially from those contained in or expressed by such statements. In evaluating all such statements we urge you to specifically consider the various risk factors identified in this prospectus, including the statements set forth in the sections titled “Risk Factors” or elsewhere in this prospectus supplement, in the accompanying prospectus and in the documents incorporated or deemed incorporated herein or therein by reference, any of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by our forward-looking statements.

Our forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on currently available financial, economic, scientific, and competitive data and information on current business plans. You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks and uncertainties relating to, among other things: (i) the sufficiency of our cash position and our ongoing ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations, (ii) our ability to complete our CD02 combination trial and to meet the FDA’s requirements with respect to safety and efficacy to support the filing of a Biologics License Application, (iii) our ability to meet our debt obligations, (iv) our ability to identify patients to enroll in our clinical trials in a timely fashion, (v) our ability to achieve approval of a marketable product, (vi) design, implementation and conduct of clinical trials, (vii) the results of our clinical trials, including the possibility of unfavorable clinical trial results, (viii) the market for, and marketability of, any product that is approved, (ix) the existence or development of vaccines, drugs, or other treatments for infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that are viewed by medical professionals or patients as superior to our products, (x) regulatory initiatives, compliance with governmental regulations and the regulatory approval process, (xi) general economic and business conditions, (xii) changes in foreign, political, and social conditions, and (xiii) various other matters, many of which are beyond our control. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties develop, or should underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary materially and adversely from those anticipated, believed, estimated, or otherwise indicated by our forward-looking statements.

We intend that all forward-looking statements made in this prospectus will be subject to the safe harbor protection of the federal securities laws pursuant to Section 27A of the Securities Act, to the extent applicable. Except as required by law, we do not undertake any responsibility to update these forward-looking statements to take into account events or circumstances that occur after the date of this prospectus. Additionally, we do not undertake any responsibility to update you on the occurrence of any unanticipated events which may cause actual results to differ from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

 

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PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT SUMMARY

This summary highlights certain information about us, this offering and information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus supplement, in the accompanying prospectus and in the documents we incorporate by reference. This summary is not complete and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our securities. To fully understand this offering and its consequences to you, you should read this entire prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus carefully, including the information referred to under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus supplement beginning on page S-6, the financial statements and other information incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus when making an investment decision. This is only a summary and may not contain all the information that is important to you. You should carefully read both this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement and any other offering materials, together with the additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.”

About Us

We are a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the clinical development and potential commercialization of humanized monoclonal antibodies to treat Human Immunodeficiency Virus (“HIV”) infection. Our lead product candidate, PRO 140, belongs to a class of HIV therapies known as entry inhibitors that block HIV from entering into and infecting certain cells. We believe that monoclonal antibodies are a new emerging class of therapeutics for the treatment of HIV to address unmet medical needs in the area of HIV and graft versus host disease.

We believe the PRO 140 antibody shows promise as a powerful anti-viral agent while not being a chemically synthesized drug and has fewer side effects, lower toxicity and less frequent dosing requirements, as compared to daily drug therapies currently in use for the treatment of HIV. The PRO 140 antibody belongs to a class of HIV therapies known as entry inhibitors that block HIV from entering into and infecting certain cells. PRO 140 blocks HIV from entering a cell by binding to a molecule called the C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (“CCR5”), a normal cell surface co-receptor protein to which certain strains of HIV, referred to as “R5” strains, attach as part of HIV’s entry into a cell.

PRO 140 is an antibody, and through several short-term clinical trials, it has demonstrated efficacy without issues relating to toxicity, side effects or drug resistance. Moreover, these trials suggest that PRO 140 does not affect the normal function of the CCR5 co-receptor for HIV. Instead, PRO 140 binds to a precise site on CCR5 that R5 strains of HIV use to enter the cell and, in doing so, inhibits the ability of these strains of HIV to infect the cell without affecting the cell’s normal function. We believe that the R5 strains of HIV currently represent approximately 70% of all HIV infections in the U.S. As a result, we believe PRO 140 represents a distinct class of CCR5 inhibitors with advantageous virological and immunological properties and may provide a unique tool to treat HIV infected patients.

We believe PRO 140 is uniquely positioned to address a growing HIV market as an alternative or in addition to current therapies, which are failing primarily due to compliance, which causes drug resistance. In seven clinical trials previously conducted, PRO 140 was generally well tolerated, and no drug-related serious adverse events or dose-proportional adverse events related to PRO 140 were reported. In addition, there were no dose-limiting toxicities or patterns of drug-related toxicities observed during these trials. The results of these studies established that PRO 140’s antiviral activity was potent, rapid, prolonged, dose-dependent, and statistically significant following a single dose. Because PRO 140’s mechanism of action (for a monoclonal antibody use in HIV) is a relatively new therapeutic approach, it provides a very useful method of suppressing the virus in treatment-experienced patients who have failed a prior HIV regimen and need new treatment options.

Corporate Information

CytoDyn Inc. is a Delaware corporation with its principal business office at 1111 Main Street, Suite 660, Vancouver, Washington 98660. Our website can be found at www.cytodyn.com. We do not intend to incorporate any contents from our website into this prospectus. Effective August 27, 2015, we completed a reincorporation from Colorado to Delaware.

 



 

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THE OFFERING

 

Issuer    CytoDyn Inc.
Securities offered by us    1,880,765 shares of common stock and 940,380 warrants each to purchase one share of our common stock. Each share of common stock and one-half of one warrant are being sold at a combined price of $0.65. The shares of common stock and warrants are immediately separable and will be issued separately. This prospectus supplement also registers the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the warrants being offered.
Common stock outstanding immediately prior to this offering(1)    156,099,574 shares.
Common stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering(2)    157,980,339 shares.
Warrants we are offering    We are offering warrants to purchase up to 940,380 shares of common stock that will be exercisable for five years from the date of issuance at an exercise price of $0.75 per share, subject to adjustment. This prospectus supplement also relates to the offering of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants. There is presently no public market for the warrants we are offering by means of this prospectus supplement. It is not anticipated that a public market for the warrants will develop in the future.
Use of proceeds    We estimate that the net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $1.11 million after deducting estimated placement agent commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.
   We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering primarily to fund clinical trials of our product candidates and for general corporate purposes, which may include the reduction of indebtedness. See “Use of Proceeds.”
Risk factors    Investing in our common stock and warrants involves a high degree of risk, and the purchasers of our common stock and warrants may lose all or part of their investment. Before deciding to invest in our securities, please carefully read the section entitled “Risk Factors,” including the risks incorporated therein from our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and our other periodic reports filed with the SEC and incorporated by reference herein and the Risk Factors in the accompanying prospectus.
OTCQB trading symbol    CYDY

 



 

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(1) This number is based on 156,099,574 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017, which excludes (i) 8,051,324 shares of common stock reserved for the conversion of convertible notes and 146,439 shares for interest on such convertible notes, which may be paid in common stock rather than cash (ii) 921,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of outstanding Series B Preferred Stock, and 356,115 shares of common stock that would be issuable at our election in lieu of cash as accrued dividends, if declared thereunder, (iii) 69,221,493 shares that may be issued upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, with a weighted average exercise price of $0.84 per share, (iv) 10,227,281 shares that may be issued upon the exercise of outstanding options, with a weighted average exercise price of $0.90 per share, and (v) 5,693,807 shares reserved for future issuance under the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan.
(2) This number is based on 156,099,574 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017, which excludes (i) 8,051,324 shares of common stock reserved for the conversion of convertible notes and 146,439 shares for interest on such convertible notes, which may be paid in common stock rather than cash, (ii) 921,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of outstanding Series B Preferred Stock, and 356,115 shares of common stock that would be issuable at our election in lieu of cash as accrued dividends, if declared thereunder, (iii) 69,221,493 shares that may be issued upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, with a weighted average exercise price of $0.84 per share, (iv) 10,227,281 shares that may be issued upon the exercise of outstanding options, with a weighted average exercise price of $0.90 per share, (v) 5,693,807 shares reserved for future issuance under the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan, (vi) 940,380 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants sold in this offering and (vii) 150,461 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants to be issued to the placement agent as described in the “Plan of Distribution.”

 



 

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RISK FACTORS

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described below. You should also consider the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” included in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K which is on file with the SEC and is incorporated herein by reference, and which may be amended, supplemented or superseded from time to time by other reports we file with the SEC in the future. There may be other unknown or unpredictable economic, business, competitive, regulatory or other factors that could have material adverse effects on our future results. If any of these risks actually occurs, our business, business prospects, financial condition or results of operations could be seriously harmed. This could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. Please also read carefully the section above titled “Forward-Looking Statements.”

Risks Related to this Offering

Management will have broad discretion as to the use of the proceeds from this offering, and we may not use the proceeds effectively.

We currently intend to use the net proceeds from this offering to fund clinical trials for our product candidates and for general corporate purposes, which may include the reduction of indebtedness. We have not allocated specific amounts of the net proceeds from this offering for any specific purposes. Accordingly, our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds from this offering and could spend the proceeds in ways that do not improve our results of operations or enhance the value of our common stock. You will be relying on the judgment of our management with regard to the use of these net proceeds, and you will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the net proceeds are being used appropriately. It is possible that the net proceeds will be invested in a way that does not yield a favorable, or any, return for us. Our failure to apply these funds effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business and cause the price of our common stock to decline.

You will experience immediate and substantial dilution in the net tangible book value of the common stock you purchase in this offering.

Since the public offering price of the securities offered pursuant to this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus is higher than the net tangible book value per share of our common stock, you will incur substantial dilution in the net tangible book value of the common stock you purchase in this offering. After giving effect to the sale of 1,880,765 shares of common stock together with warrants to purchase 940,380 shares of common stock, and after deducting estimated placement agent commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, if you purchase securities in this offering, you will incur immediate and substantial dilution of approximately $0.69 per share in the net tangible book value of the common stock you acquire based on our net tangible book value as of August 31, 2017, on a pro-forma basis as described under “Dilution” on page S-11.

In the event that any of the warrants sold in this offering are exercised, you will experience additional dilution to the extent that the exercise price of those warrants is higher than the net tangible book value of our common stock at the time of exercise.

A substantial number of shares of our common stock may be sold in this offering, which could cause the price of our common stock to decline.

In addition to the shares of common stock to be sold in this offering, the investors in this offering will receive warrants to purchase one-half of the number of shares such investors purchased in this offering and the placement agent will receive unregistered warrants to purchase up to 8% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock sold in this offering. This sale and any future sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could adversely affect the price of our common stock on the OTCQB marketplace. We cannot predict the effect, if any, that market sales of those shares of common stock or the availability of those shares of common stock for sale will have on the market price of our common stock.

 

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The investors in this offering may be diluted by exercises of outstanding options and warrants.

As of September 30, 2017, we had outstanding options to purchase an aggregate of 10,227,281 shares of our common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $0.90 per share and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 69,221,493 shares of our common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $0.84 per share. In this offering, we will be issuing to the purchasers in this offering an additional 940,380 warrants with an exercise price of $0.75 per share and we will be issuing to the placement agent an additional 150,461 warrants with an exercise price of $0.715 per share to the placement agent. The exercise of such outstanding options and warrants will result in dilution of the value of our shares.

There is no public market for the warrants being offered, and we do not anticipate such a market ever developing in the future.

There is no established public trading market for the warrants being offered by us in this offering and we do not intend to have the warrants listed on a national securities exchange or any other recognized trading system in the future. Without an active market, the liquidity of the warrants will be limited.

The warrants being offered may not have value.

The warrants being offered by us in this offering have an exercise price of $0.75 per share and expire five years from the date of issuance. In the event that the market price of our common stock does not exceed the exercise price of the warrants during the period when the warrants are exercisable, the warrants may not have any value.

Holders of our warrants will have no rights as shareholders until they acquire shares of our common stock, if ever.

If you acquire warrants to purchase shares of our common stock in this offering, you will have no rights with respect to our common stock until you acquire shares of such common stock upon exercise of your warrants. Upon exercise of your warrants, you will be entitled to exercise the rights of a common shareholder only as to matters for which the record date occurs after the exercise date.

The price of our common stock has been and could remain volatile, and the market price of our common stock may decrease.

The market price of our common stock has historically experienced and may continue to experience significant volatility. From June 1, 2014 through September 30, 2017, the market price of our common stock has fluctuated from a high of $1.57 per share in the quarter ended August 31, 2016, to a low of $0.46 per share in quarter ended August 31, 2017. The volatile nature of our common share price may cause investment losses for our stockholders. In addition, the market price of stock in small capitalization biotech companies is often driven by investor sentiment, expectation and perception, all of which may be independent of fundamental valuation metrics or traditional financial performance metrics, thereby exacerbating volatility. In addition, our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB of the OTC Markets marketplace, which may increase price quotation volatility and could limit liquidity, all of which may adversely affect the market price of our shares.

Our common stock is classified as “penny stock” and trading of our shares may be restricted by the SEC’s penny stock regulations.

Rules 15g-1 through 15g-9 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) impose sales practice and disclosure requirements on certain brokers-dealers who engage in transactions involving a “penny stock.” The SEC has adopted regulations which generally define “penny stock” to be any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. Our common stock is covered by the penny stock rules, which impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and “accredited investors.” The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the SEC which provides information

 

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about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. In addition, the penny stock rules require that, prior to a transaction in a penny stock that is not otherwise exempt, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules may affect the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities. We believe that the penny stock rules may discourage investor interest in and limit the marketability of our common stock.

 

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DIVIDEND POLICY

Holders of our common stock are entitled to receive dividends as may be declared from time to time by our Board. We have not paid any cash dividends since inception on our common stock and do not anticipate paying any in the foreseeable future. The Company’s current policy is to retain earnings, if any, for use in our operations.

Holders of 92,100 shares of Series B Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, in preference to the common stock, annual cumulative dividends equal to $0.25 per share per annum from the date of issuance, which shall accrue, whether or not declared. At the time shares of Series B Preferred Stock are converted into common shares, accrued and unpaid dividends will be paid in cash or with common shares. In the event we elect to pay dividends with common shares, the shares issued will be valued at $0.50 per share. As of September 30, 2017, if we declared a dividend and elected pay such dividend in the form of common stock, approximately 356,115 shares of common stock would be issued in the form of dividend.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

We estimate that the net proceeds to us from this offering, after deducting placement agent fees and estimated offering expenses, will be approximately $1.11 million assuming all offered shares and warrants are sold at a combined public offering price of $0.65 per share of our common stock and one-half of one warrant to purchase a share of our common stock, and excluding proceeds to us from subsequent exercise, if any, of the warrants.

We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering primarily to fund clinical trials for our product candidates and for general corporate purposes, which may include the reduction of indebtedness.

We have not determined the amounts we plan to spend on any specific purpose or the timing of these expenditures. As a result, our management will have broad discretion to allocate the net proceeds from this offering. Pending application of the net proceeds as described above, we may invest the net proceeds to us from this offering in a variety of capital preservation investments, including short-term, investment-grade and interest-bearing instruments.

 

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DILUTION

The net tangible book value of our common stock on August 31, 2017 was approximately negative $10.2 million or approximately negative $0.07 per share, based on 152,763,243 shares of our common stock outstanding as of August 31, 2017. After giving effect to our offering on September 8, 2017, of 3,336,331 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase up to 1,668,103 shares of common stock, for aggregate net proceeds of approximately $2.24 million after giving effect to estimated offering expenses, the net tangible book value of our common stock on August 31, 2017 would have been approximately negative $7.9 million or approximately negative $0.05 per share. We calculate net tangible book value per share by subtracting our total liabilities from our total tangible assets and dividing the difference by the number of outstanding shares of our common stock. Dilution in net tangible book value per share to the new investors represents the difference between the amount per share paid by purchasers of shares of our common stock in this offering and the net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately afterwards.

The investors participating in this offering will incur immediate and significant dilution. After giving effect to the issuance and sale of shares of our common stock and warrants in this offering at a public offering price of $0.65 per share of our common stock and one-half of one warrant to purchase a share of common stock, after deducting the placement agent fees and estimated offering expenses payable by us, our as adjusted net tangible book value as of August 31, 2017 would have been approximately negative $6.8 million, or approximately negative $0.04 per share of our common stock.

This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of approximately $0.03 per share to existing stockholders and immediate dilution in net tangible book value of $0.69 per share to the new investors purchasing our common stock in this offering at the public offering price.

The following table illustrates this per share dilution:

 

Public offering price per share of common stock and warrant

      $ 0.65

Net tangible book value per share as of August 31, 2017

   $ (0.07   

Pro forma net tangible book value per share as of August 31, 2017, pro forma after giving effect to our offering consummated on September 8, 2017 (1)

   $ (0.05   

Increase in net tangible book value per share attributable to this offering

   $ 0.02     

Pro forma net tangible book value per share as of August 31, 2017 after giving effect to this offering and the September 8, 2017 offering

      $ (0.04

Dilution per share to the new investors in this offering

      $ 0.69  

 

(1) On September 8, 2017, we consummated an offering of 3,336,331 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase up to 1,668,103 shares of common stock in a registered direct offering. The aggregate net proceeds to us, after giving effect to estimated offering expenses, was approximately $2.24 million.

The total number of shares of our common stock reflected in the discussion and the table above is based on 152,763,243 shares of our common stock outstanding as of August 31, 2017 and excludes as of August 31, 2017:

 

    8,051,324 shares of common stock reserved for the conversion of convertible notes and 110,116 shares for interest on such convertible notes, which may be paid in common stock rather than cash;

 

    921,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of outstanding Series B Preferred Stock, and 352,330 shares of common stock that would be issuable at our election in lieu of cash as accrued dividends, if declared thereunder;

 

    10,227,281 shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options at a weighted-average exercise price of $0.90 per share;

 

    70,355,434 shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants at a weighted-average exercise price of $0.84 per share;

 

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    an aggregate of 5,693,807 shares available for future grants under our 2012 Equity Incentive Plan;

 

    940,380 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants sold in this offering; and

 

    150,461 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants to be issued to the placement agent as described in “Plan of Distribution.”

To the extent that outstanding options or warrants are exercised, the investors purchasing our common stock in this offering will experience further dilution. In addition, we may choose to raise additional capital due to market conditions or strategic considerations even if we believe we have sufficient funds for our current or future operating plans. To the extent that additional capital is raised through the sale of securities, the issuance of these securities could result in further dilution to our stockholders.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF THE SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING

Common Stock

Each outstanding share of common stock entitles the holder to one vote, either in person or by proxy, on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors. There is no cumulative voting in the election of directors. All actions required or permitted to be taken by stockholders at an annual or special meeting of the stockholders must be effected at a duly called meeting, with a quorum present of a majority in voting power of the shares entitled to vote thereon. Special meetings of the stockholders may only be called by our Board of Directors acting pursuant to a resolution approved by the affirmative majority of the entire Board of Directors. Stockholders may not take action by written consent. As more fully described in our Certificate of Incorporation, holders of our common stock are not entitled to vote on certain amendments to the Certificate of Incorporation related solely to our preferred stock.

Subject to preferences which may be applicable to any outstanding shares of preferred stock from time to time, holders of our common stock have equal ratable rights to such dividends as may be declared from time to time by our Board of Directors out of funds legally available therefor. In the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of our affairs, holders of common stock will be entitled to share ratably in our remaining assets after provision for payment of amounts owed to creditors and preferences applicable to any outstanding shares of preferred stock. All outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and non-assessable. Holders of common stock do not have preemptive rights.

The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of common stock are subject to the rights of the holders of any outstanding shares of preferred stock.

Warrants

Form. The warrants will be issued as individual warrant agreements to the investors. The material terms and provisions of the warrants offered hereby are summarized below. The following description is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, the form of warrant, which was filed as an exhibit to a Current Report on Form 8-K to be filed by us with the SEC in connection with this offering. You should review a copy of the form of warrant for a complete description of the terms and conditions applicable to the warrants.

Exercisability. The warrants are exercisable beginning on the date of issuance, and at any time up to five (5) years from the date of issuance. The warrants will be exercisable, at the option of each holder, in whole or in part by delivering to us a duly executed exercise notice accompanied by payment in full for the number of shares of our common stock purchased upon such exercise (except in the case of a cashless exercise as discussed below). No fractional shares of common stock will be issued in connection with the exercise of a warrant. In lieu of fractional shares, we will, at our option, either (i) pay the holder an amount in cash equal to the fractional amount multiplied by the market value of a share of common stock or (ii) round up to the next whole share. The holder will not have the right to exercise any portion of the warrant if the holder (together with its affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% or 9.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the exercise, as such percentage ownership is determined in accordance with the terms of the warrants.

Cashless Exercise. If, at any time during the term of the warrants, the issuance of shares of our common stock upon exercise of the warrants is not covered by an effective registration statement, the holder is permitted to effect a cashless exercise of the warrants (in whole or in part) by having the holder deliver to us a duly executed exercise notice, canceling a portion of the warrant in payment of the purchase price payable in respect of the number of shares of our common stock purchased upon such exercise.

Failure to Timely Deliver Shares. If we fail to deliver to the investor a certificate representing shares issuable upon exercise of a warrant by the third trading day after the exercise date as required by the warrant, and if the investor purchases the shares of our common stock after that third trading day to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by the investor of the underlying warrant shares that the investor anticipated receiving from us, then, within three trading days of receipt of the investor’s request, we, at the investor’s option, will either (i) pay cash to the investor in an amount equal to the investor’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of common stock purchased less the exercise price (as described below), or the buy-in price, at which point our

 

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obligation to deliver the warrant (and to issue the underlying common stock) will terminate, (ii) reinstate the portion of the warrant and equivalent number of warrant shares for which such exercise was not honored (in which case such exercise shall be deemed rescinded) or (iii) promptly honor our obligation to deliver to the investor a certificate or certificates representing the underlying common stock and pay cash to the investor in an amount equal to the excess (if any) of the buy-in price over the product of (A) the number of shares of common stock, times (B) the per share closing price of our common stock on the date of the event giving rise to our obligation to deliver the certificate.

Exercise Price. Each warrant represents the right to purchase a share of common stock at an exercise price equal to $1.00 per share, subject to adjustment as described below. The exercise price is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock and also upon any distributions of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders.

Transferability. Subject to applicable laws, the warrants may be offered for sale, sold, transferred or assigned without our consent.

Exchange Listing. There is no public trading market for the warrants, and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply for listing of the warrants on any securities exchange or other trading system.

Rights as a Stockholder. Except as otherwise provided in the warrants or by virtue of such holder’s ownership of shares of our common stock, the holder of a warrant does not have the rights or privileges of a holder of our common stock, including any voting rights, until the holder exercises the warrant.

 

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

Pursuant to an engagement agreement dated as of August 8, 2017, as amended, we have engaged Paulson Investment Company, LLC, or the placement agent, to act as our exclusive placement agent in connection with this offering of our shares of common stock pursuant to this prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus. Under the terms of the engagement agreement, the placement agent has agreed to be our exclusive placement agent, on a reasonable best efforts basis, in connection with the issuance and sale by us of our shares of common stock and warrants to purchase shares of our common stock in this takedown from our shelf registration statement. The terms of this offering were subject to market conditions and negotiations between us, the placement agent and prospective investors. The engagement agreement does not give rise to any commitment by the placement agent to purchase any of our shares of common stock or warrants, and the placement agent will have no authority to bind us by virtue of the engagement agreement. Further, the placement agent does not guarantee that it will be able to raise new capital in any prospective offering. The placement agent may engage sub-agents or selected dealers to assist with the offering.

We will enter into offering agreements directly with investors in connection with this offering, and we will only sell to investors who have entered into subscription agreements.

The placement agent may be deemed to be an underwriter within the meaning of Section 2(a)(11) of the Securities Act, and any commissions received by it and any profit realized on the resale of the securities sold by it while acting as principal might be deemed to be underwriting discounts or commissions under the Securities Act. As an underwriter, the placement agent would be required to comply with the requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, including, without limitation, Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act and Rule 10b-5 and Regulation M under the Exchange Act. These rules and regulations may limit the timing of purchases and sales of shares of common stock and warrants by the placement agent acting as principal. Under these rules and regulations, the placement agent:

 

    may not engage in any stabilization activity in connection with our securities; and

 

    may not bid for or purchase any of our securities or attempt to induce any person to purchase any of our securities, other than as permitted under the Exchange Act, until it has completed its participation in the distribution.

Upon receipt of investor funds for the purchase of the shares of our common stock offered pursuant to this prospectus supplement, we will deliver the shares of common stock being issued to the investors electronically and will deliver physical certificates representing the warrants being issued to the investors. We expect to deliver the shares of our common stock being offered pursuant to this prospectus supplement on or about October 11, 2017.

Commissions and Offering Expenses

The following table shows the public offering price, placement agent commissions and proceeds, before expenses, to us.

 

    

Per Share of

Common

Stock and

Warrant

     Total  

Public offering price

   $ 0.65      $        1,222,500  

Placement agent commissions to be paid by us (1)

   $ 0.0585      $        110,025  

Proceeds, before expenses, to us (2)

   $ 0.5915      $        1,112,475  

 

(1) We have also agreed to issue warrants to purchase shares of common stock to the placement agent equal to 8% of the shares of common stock initially issued to investors in this offering, as described below, as well as a one-time non-accountable expense fee of $25,000 for aggregate expenses incurred collectively in this offering and the September 8, 2017 offering.
(2) The amount of the offering proceeds to us presented in this table does not give effect to any exercise of the warrants being issued in this offering.

In addition to the placement agent commissions, we have agreed to pay the placement agent a one-time non-accountable expense fee of $25,000 for aggregate expenses incurred collectively in this offering and the September 8, 2017 offering. We estimate our total expenses associated with the offering, excluding placement agent commissions and non-accountable expense fee, will be approximately $50,000.

 

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Placement Agent Warrants

We have agreed to issue to the placement agent warrants to purchase up to 8% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock sold to investors in this offering. The placement agent warrants will have substantially the same terms as the warrants being sold in this offering. Pursuant to FINRA Rule 5110(g), the placement agent warrants and any shares issued upon exercise of the placement agent warrants shall not be sold, transferred, assigned, pledged, or hypothecated, or be the subject of any hedging, short sale, derivative, put or call transaction that would result in the effective economic disposition of the securities by any person for a period of 180 days immediately following the date of effectiveness or commencement of sales of this offering, except the transfer of any security: (i) by operation of law or by reason of our reorganization; (ii) to any FINRA member firm participating in the offering and the officers or partners thereof, if all securities so transferred remain subject to the lock-up restriction set forth above for the remainder of the time period; (iii) if the aggregate amount of our securities held by the placement agent or related persons do not exceed 1% of the securities being offered; (iv) that is beneficially owned on a pro-rata basis by all equity owners of an investment fund, provided that no participating member manages or otherwise directs investments by the fund and the participating members in the aggregate do not own more than 9.9% of the equity in the fund; or (v) the exercise or conversion of any security, if all securities remain subject to the lock-up restriction set forth above for the remainder of the time period.

Indemnification

We have agreed to indemnify the placement agent and specified other persons against some civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange.

Exchange Listing

Our common stock is presently quoted on the OTCQB of the OTC Markets marketplace under the trading symbol “CYDY.”

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the issuance of the securities offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Lowenstein Sandler LLP, New York, New York. The placement agent has been represented in connection with this offering by Mallon & Johnson, Chicago, Illinois.

 

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EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended May 31, 2017 , incorporated in this prospectus by reference from the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended May 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on July 20, 2017, have been audited by Warren Averett, LLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report, which is incorporated herein by reference. Such consolidated financial statements have been so incorporated in reliance upon the report of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We are subject to the information requirements of the Exchange Act and, in accordance therewith, file annual, quarterly and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You may read and copy any document we file at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, Washington, D.C. 20549. You may call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the operation of the Public Reference Room. These documents also may be accessed through the SEC’s electronic data gathering, analysis and retrieval system, or EDGAR, via electronic means, including the SEC’s home page on the Internet (www.sec.gov).

This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are only part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we have filed with the SEC under the Securities Act and therefore omits certain information contained in the registration statement. We have also filed exhibits and schedules with the registration statement that are excluded from this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, and you should refer to the applicable exhibit or schedule for a complete description of any statement referring to any contract or other document. You may inspect a copy of the registration statement, including the exhibits and schedules, without charge, at the public reference room or obtain a copy from the SEC upon payment of the fees prescribed by the SEC.

We also maintain a website at http://www.cytodyn.com, through which you can access our SEC filings. The information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into, and does not form any part of, this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus. We have included our website address as a factual reference and do not intend it to be an active link to our website.

 

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INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to incorporate by reference the information and reports we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to these documents. The information incorporated by reference is an important part of this prospectus supplement, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede the information already incorporated by reference. We are incorporating by reference the documents listed below, which we have already filed with the SEC, and any future filings we make with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, except as to any portion of any future report or document that is not deemed filed under such provisions, until we sell all of the securities:

 

    our Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on July 20, 2017, as amended on July 27, 2017;

 

    our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended August 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on October 10, 2017;

 

    our Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on July 24, 2017;

 

    our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 2, 2017, June 22, 2017, July 7, 2017, July 14, 2017, July 31, 2017, August 9, 2017 (except as to any portion deemed furnished and not filed), August 21, 2017 (except as to any portion deemed furnished and not filed), August 25, 2017, September 6, 2017, September 8, 2017, October 5, 2017 (except as to any portion deemed furnished and not filed), and October 11, 2017; and

 

    the description of our common stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form 10-SB, filed on July 11, 2002, including any amendments thereto or reports filed for the purposes of updating this description (including the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 1, 2015, including Exhibit 99.1 thereto).

Upon request, we will provide, without charge, to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a copy of this prospectus is delivered a copy of the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement. You may request a copy of these filings, and any exhibits we have specifically incorporated by reference as an exhibit in this prospectus supplement, at no cost by writing or telephoning us at the following address:

CytoDyn Inc.

1111 Main Street, Suite 660

Vancouver, Washington 98660

(360) 980-8524

Attention: Corporate Secretary

This prospectus supplement is part of a registration statement we filed with the SEC. We have incorporated exhibits into this registration statement. You should read the exhibits carefully for provisions that may be important to you.

You should rely only on the information incorporated by reference or provided in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. We are not making an offer of these securities in any state where the offer is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or in the documents incorporated by reference is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front of this prospectus or those documents.

 

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LOGO

$100,000,000

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Warrants

Overallotment Purchase Rights

Debt Securities

Rights

Units

 

 

We may offer, issue and sell from time to time together or separately, in one or more offerings, any combination of (i) our common stock, (ii) our preferred stock, which we may issue in one or more series, (iii) warrants, (iv) overallotment purchase rights, (v) senior or subordinated debt securities, (vi) rights and (vii) units. The debt securities may consist of debentures, notes, or other types of debt. The debt securities, preferred stock, warrants and overallotment purchase rights may be convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, common or preferred stock or other securities of ours. The units may consist of any combination of the securities listed above.

The aggregate public offering price of the securities that we are offering will not exceed $100,000,000. We will offer the securities in an amount and on terms that market conditions will determine at the time of the offering. Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB of the OTC Markets under the symbol “CYDY.” On September 7, 2016, the closing price of our common stock was $1.01 per share. You are urged to obtain current market quotations of our common stock. We have no preferred stock, warrants, overallotment purchase rights, debt securities or units listed on any market. Each prospectus supplement will indicate if the securities offered thereby will be listed on any securities exchange.

 

 

Investing in our securities involves risk. You should carefully consider the risks that we have described under the section captioned “Risk Factors” in this prospectus on page 4 before buying our Securities.

Should we offer any of the securities described in this prospectus, we will provide you with the specific terms of the particular securities being offered in supplements to this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and any supplement, together with additional information described under the headings “Additional Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference,” carefully before you invest. This prospectus may not be used to sell securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

We may sell these securities directly to our stockholders or to purchasers or through agents on our behalf or through underwriters or dealers as designated from time to time. If any agents or underwriters are involved in the sale of any of these securities, the applicable prospectus supplement will provide the names of the agents or underwriters and any applicable fees, commissions or discounts.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

The date of this prospectus is September 9, 2016


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

     1  

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     2

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

     3  

RISK FACTORS

     4  

USE OF PROCEEDS

     5  

THE SECURITIES WE MAY OFFER

     6  

DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

     7  

DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

     10  

DESCRIPTION OF OVERALLOTMENT PURCHASE RIGHTS

     12  

DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

     14  

DESCRIPTION OF RIGHTS

     24  

DESCRIPTION OF UNITS

     25  

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

     26  

LEGAL MATTERS

     30  

EXPERTS

     31  

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

     32  

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

     33  

CytoDyn Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries are referred to herein as “CytoDyn,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our,” unless the context indicates otherwise.

You may only rely on the information contained in this prospectus or that we have referred you to. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities other than the securities offered by this prospectus. This prospectus and any future prospectus supplement do not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities in any circumstances in which such offer or solicitation is unlawful. Neither the delivery of this prospectus or any prospectus supplement nor any sale made hereunder shall, under any circumstances, create any implication that there has been no change in our affairs since the date of this prospectus or such prospectus supplement or that the information contained by reference to this prospectus or any prospectus supplement is correct as of any time after its date.


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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) using a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may from time to time offer and sell, in one or more offerings, any or all of the securities described in this prospectus, separately or together, up to an aggregate initial offering price of $100,000,000. This prospectus provides you with a general description of our securities being offered. When we issue the securities being offered by this prospectus, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement together with additional information described under the heading “Additional Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.”

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus contains certain forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Words and expressions reflecting optimism, satisfaction or disappointment with current prospects, as well as words such as “believes,” “hopes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “plans,” “anticipates” and variations thereof, or the use of future tense, identify forward-looking statements, but their absence does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Our forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and actual results could differ materially from those contained in or expressed by such statements. In evaluating all such statements we urge you to specifically consider various risk factors identified in this prospectus, including the matters set forth under the heading “Risk Factors,” any of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by our forward-looking statements.

Our forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on currently available financial, economic, scientific, and competitive data and information on current business plans. You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks and uncertainties relating to, among other things: (i) the sufficiency of our cash position, (ii) design, implementation and conduct of clinical trials, (iii) the results of our clinical trials, including the possibility of unfavorable clinical trial results, (iv) the market for, and marketability of, any product that is approved, (v) the existence or development of vaccines, drugs, or other treatments for infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that are viewed by medical professionals or patients as superior to our products, (vi) regulatory initiatives, compliance with governmental regulations and the regulatory approval process, (vii) general economic and business conditions, (viii) changes in foreign, political, and social conditions, (ix) the specific risk factors discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” below, and (x) various other matters, many of which are beyond our control. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties develop, or should underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary materially and adversely from those anticipated, believed, estimated, or otherwise indicated by our forward-looking statements.

We intend that all forward-looking statements made in this prospectus will be subject to the safe harbor protection of the federal securities laws pursuant to Section 27A of the Securities Act, to the extent applicable. Except as required by law, we do not undertake any responsibility to update these forward-looking statements to take into account events or circumstances that occur after the date of this prospectus. Additionally, we do not undertake any responsibility to update you on the occurrence of any unanticipated events which may cause actual results to differ from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

 

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

The following summary highlights some information from this prospectus. It is not complete and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before making an investment decision. You should read this entire prospectus, including the “Risk Factors” section on page 4, the financial statements and related notes and the other more detailed information appearing elsewhere or incorporated by reference into this prospectus.

About Us

We are a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the clinical development and potential commercialization of humanized monoclonal antibodies to treat Human Immunodeficiency Virus (“HIV”) infection. Our lead product candidate, PRO 140, belongs to a class of HIV therapies known as entry inhibitors that block HIV from entering into and infecting certain cells. We believe that monoclonal antibodies are a new emerging class of therapeutics for the treatment of HIV to address unmet medical needs in the area of HIV and graft versus host disease.

We believe the PRO 140 antibody shows promise as a powerful anti-viral agent while not being a chemically synthesized drug and has fewer side effects, lower toxicity and less frequent dosing requirements, as compared to daily drug therapies currently in use for the treatment of HIV. The PRO 140 antibody belongs to a class of HIV therapies known as entry inhibitors that block HIV from entering into and infecting certain cells. PRO 140 blocks HIV from entering a cell by binding to a molecule called the C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (“CCR5”), a normal cell surface co-receptor protein to which certain strains of HIV, referred to as “R5” strains, attach as part of HIV’s entry into a cell.

PRO 140 is an antibody, and through several short-term clinical trials, it has demonstrated efficacy without issues relating to toxicity, side effects or drug resistance. Moreover, these trials suggest that PRO 140 does not affect the normal function of the CCR5 co-receptor for HIV. Instead, PRO 140 binds to a precise site on CCR5 that R5 strains of HIV use to enter the cell and, in doing so, inhibits the ability of these strains of HIV to infect the cell without affecting the cell’s normal function. The R5 strains of HIV currently represent approximately 67% of all HIV infections in the U.S. As a result, we believe PRO 140 represents a distinct class of CCR5 inhibitors with advantageous virological and immunological properties and may provide a unique tool to treat HIV infected patients.

We believe PRO 140 is uniquely positioned to address a growing HIV market as an alternative or in addition to current therapies, which are failing primarily due to drug resistance or lack of patient compliance often due to side effects of oral HIV medications. In seven clinical trials previously conducted, PRO 140 was generally well tolerated, and no drug-related serious adverse events or dose-proportional adverse events related to PRO 140 were reported. In addition, there were no dose-limiting toxicities or patterns of drug-related toxicities observed during these trials. The results of these studies established that PRO 140’s antiviral activity was potent, rapid, prolonged, dose-dependent, and statistically significant following a single dose. Because PRO 140’s mechanism of action (for a monoclonal antibody use in HIV) is a relatively new therapeutic approach, it provides a very useful method of suppressing the virus in treatment-experienced patients who have failed a prior HIV regimen and need new treatment options.

Corporate Information

CytoDyn Inc. is a Delaware corporation with its principal business office at 1111 Main Street, Suite 660, Vancouver, Washington 98660. Our website can be found at www.cytodyn.com. We do not intend to incorporate any contents from our website into this prospectus. Effective August 27, 2015, we completed a reincorporation from Colorado to Delaware.

 



 

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RISK FACTORS

Investing in our securities involves risks. You should carefully consider the risks, uncertainties and other factors described in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as supplemented and updated by subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K that we have filed or will file with the SEC, and in other documents which are incorporated by reference into this prospectus, as well as the risk factors and other information contained in or incorporated by reference into any accompanying prospectus supplement before investing in any of our securities. Our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks. The risks and uncertainties described in the documents incorporated by reference herein are not the only risks and uncertainties that you may face.

For more information about our SEC filings, please see “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.”

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

Unless we inform you otherwise in the prospectus supplement, we will use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities offered by this prospectus and the exercise price from the exercise of any convertible securities, if any, for general corporate purposes, which may include funding research, development and product manufacturing, clinical trials, acquisitions or investments in businesses, products or technologies that are complementary to our own, increasing our working capital, reducing indebtedness, and capital expenditures. Pending their uses, we intend to invest the net proceeds of this offering in interest-bearing bank accounts or in short-term, interest-bearing, investment-grade securities.

 

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THE SECURITIES WE MAY OFFER

General

The descriptions of the securities contained in this prospectus, together with the applicable prospectus supplements, summarize all of the material terms and provisions of the various types of securities that we may offer. We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to any securities the particular terms of the securities offered by that prospectus supplement. If we indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, the terms of the securities may differ from the terms we have summarized below. We will also include in the prospectus supplement information, where applicable, about material United States federal income tax considerations relating to the securities, and the securities exchange, if any, on which the securities will be listed.

We may sell from time to time, in one or more offerings:

 

  common stock;

 

  preferred stock;

 

  debt securities;

 

  warrants to purchase shares of common stock or preferred stock;

 

  overallotment purchase rights to purchase shares of common stock, preferred stock or warrants;

 

  rights to purchase common stock, preferred stock, warrants or debt securities; and

 

  units consisting of any combination of the securities listed above.

In this prospectus, we refer to the common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants, overallotment purchase rights and units collectively as “securities.” The total dollar amount of all securities that we may sell will not exceed $100,000,000.

If we issue debt securities at a discount from their original stated principal amount, then, for purposes of calculating the total dollar amount of all securities issued under this prospectus, we will treat the initial offering price of the debt securities as the total original principal amount of the debt securities.

This prospectus may not be used to consummate a sale of securities unless it is accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

General

We are authorized to issue up to 355,000,000 shares of capital stock, including 350,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. As of September 7, 2016, we had 124,883,821 shares of common stock and 95,100 shares of Series B Preferred Stock (as defined below) issued and outstanding.

Our stockholders approved a proposal to implement a reverse stock split at a ratio of any whole number between one-for-two and one-for-eight, as determined by our Board of Directors, at any time before August 24, 2017, if and as determined by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors has not yet implemented such a reverse stock split.

The additional shares of our authorized stock available for issuance may be issued at times and under circumstances so as to have a dilutive effect on earnings per share and on the equity ownership of the holders of our common stock. The ability of our board of directors to issue additional shares of stock could enhance the board’s ability to negotiate on behalf of the stockholders in a takeover situation but could also be used by the board to make a change-in-control more difficult, thereby denying stockholders the potential to sell their shares at a premium and entrenching current management. The following description is a summary of the material provisions of our capital stock. You should refer to our certificate of incorporation, as amended and bylaws, both of which are on file with the SEC as exhibits to previous SEC filings, for additional information. The summary below is qualified by provisions of applicable law.

Common Stock

Each outstanding share of common stock entitles the holder to one vote, either in person or by proxy, on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors. There is no cumulative voting in the election of directors. All actions required or permitted to be taken by stockholders at an annual or special meeting of the stockholders must be effected at a duly called meeting, with a quorum present of a majority in voting power of the shares entitled to vote thereon. Special meetings of the stockholders may only be called by our Board of Directors acting pursuant to a resolution approved by the affirmative majority of the entire Board of Directors. Stockholders may not take action by written consent. As more fully described in our Certificate of Incorporation, holders of our common stock are not entitled to vote on certain Amendments to the Certificate of Incorporation related solely to our preferred stock.

Subject to preferences which may be applicable to any outstanding shares of preferred stock from time to time, holders of our common stock have equal ratable rights to such dividends as may be declared from time to time by our Board of Directors out of funds legally available therefor. In the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of our affairs, holders of common stock will be entitled to share ratably in our remaining assets after provision for payment of amounts owed to creditors and preferences applicable to any outstanding shares of preferred stock. All outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable. Holders of common stock do not have preemptive rights.

The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of common stock are subject to the rights of the holders of any outstanding shares of preferred stock.

Preferred Stock

Our Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, in one or more series, 4,600,000 of which shares are unassigned.

Our Board of Directors has the authority, within the limitations and restrictions prescribed by law and without stockholder approval, to provide by resolution for the issuance of shares of preferred stock, and to fix the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions thereof, including dividend rights, conversion rights, voting rights, terms of redemption, liquidation preference and the number of shares constituting any series of the designation of such series,

 

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by delivering an appropriate certificate of amendment to our certificate of incorporation to the Delaware Secretary of State pursuant to the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”). The issuance of preferred stock could have the effect of decreasing the market price of the common stock, impeding or delaying a possible takeover and adversely affecting the voting and other rights of the holders of our common stock.

If we offer a specific series of preferred stock under this prospectus, we will describe the terms of the preferred stock in the prospectus supplement for such offering and will file a copy of the certificate establishing the terms of the preferred stock with the SEC. To the extent required, this description will include:

 

  the title and stated value;

 

  the number of shares offered, the liquidation preference per share and the purchase price;

 

  the dividend rate(s), period(s) and/or payment date(s), or method(s) of calculation for such dividends;

 

  whether dividends will be cumulative or non-cumulative and, if cumulative, the date from which dividends will accumulate;

 

  the procedures for any auction and remarketing, if any;

 

  the provisions for a sinking fund, if any;

 

  the provisions for redemption, if applicable;

 

  any listing of the preferred stock on any securities exchange or market;

 

  whether the preferred stock will be convertible into our common stock, and, if applicable, the conversion price (or how it will be calculated) and conversion period;

 

  whether the preferred stock will be exchangeable into debt securities, and, if applicable, the exchange price (or how it will be calculated) and exchange period;

 

  voting rights, if any, of the preferred stock;

 

  a discussion of any material and/or special U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to the preferred stock;

 

  the relative ranking and preferences of the preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the affairs of CytoDyn; and

 

  any material limitations on issuance of any class or series of preferred stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the series of preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of CytoDyn.

Our Board of Directors previously established a series of preferred stock designated as Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”), comprising 400,000 shares of Preferred Stock, of which 95,100 shares remain outstanding as of September 7, 2016. Subject to superior rights of any other outstanding preferred stock from time to time, each outstanding share of Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to receive, in preference to the common stock, annual cumulative dividends equal to $0.25 per share per annum from the date of issuance, which shall accrue, whether or not declared. At the time shares of Series B Preferred Stock are converted into common stock, accrued and unpaid dividends will be paid in cash or with shares of common stock. In the event we elect to pay dividends with shares of common stock, the shares issued will be valued at $0.50 per share. Series B Preferred Stock does not have any voting rights. In the event of liquidation, each share of Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to receive, in

 

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preference to the common stock, a liquidation payment equal to $5.00 per share plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. If there are insufficient funds to permit full payment, the assets legally available for distribution will be distributed pro rata among the holders of the Series B Preferred Stock.

Each share of Series B Preferred Stock may be converted into ten fully paid shares of common stock at the option of a holder as long as we have sufficient authorized and unissued shares of common stock available. The conversion rate may be adjusted in the event of a reverse stock split, merger or reorganization.

Anti-takeover Effects of Delaware Law and our Certificate of Incorporation, as amended

As described above, our Board of Directors is authorized to designate and issue shares of preferred stock in series and define all rights, preferences and privileges applicable to such series. This authority may be used to make it more difficult or less economically beneficial to acquire or seek to acquire us.

Special meetings of the stockholders may only be called by our Board of Directors acting pursuant to a resolution approved by the affirmative majority of the entire Board of Directors. Stockholders may not take action by written consent.

The stockholders may, at a special stockholders meeting called for the purpose of removing directors, remove the entire Board of Directors or any lesser number, but only with cause, by a majority vote of the shares entitled to vote at an election of directors.

Additional Warrants

As of September 7, 2016, we had issued and outstanding warrants to purchase up to 55,348,008 shares of common stock, exercisable at prices ranging from $0.50 per share to $1.35 per share.

Stock Options

As of September 7, 2016, we had issued and outstanding options to purchase up to 7,320,158 shares of common stock, exercisable at prices ranging from $0.34 per share to $2.90 per share.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock and preferred stock is Computershare. The transfer agent address is 211 Quality Circle, Suite 210, College Station, TX 77845, and its telephone number is 1-800-962-4284.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

We summarize below some of the provisions that will apply to the warrants unless the applicable prospectus supplement provides otherwise. This summary may not contain all information that is important to you. The complete terms of the warrants will be contained in the applicable warrant certificate and warrant agreement. These documents have been or will be included or incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. You should read the warrant certificate and the warrant agreement. You should also read the prospectus supplement, which will contain additional information and which may update or change some of the information below.

General

We may issue, together with common or preferred stock as units or separately, warrants for the purchase of shares of our common or preferred stock. The terms of each warrant will be discussed in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the particular series of warrants. The form(s) of certificate representing the warrants and/or the warrant agreement, will be, in each case, filed with the SEC as an exhibit to a document incorporated by reference in the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part on or prior to the date of any prospectus supplement relating to an offering of the particular warrant. The following summary of material provisions of the warrants and the warrant agreements are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of the warrant agreement and warrant certificate applicable to a particular series of warrants.

The prospectus supplement relating to any series of warrants that are offered by this prospectus will describe, among other things, the following terms to the extent they are applicable to that series of warrants:

 

  the procedures and conditions relating to the exercise of the warrants;

 

  the number of shares of our common or preferred stock, if any, issued with the warrants;

 

  the date, if any, on and after which the warrants and any related shares of our common or preferred stock will be separately transferable;

 

  the offering price of the warrants, if any;

 

  the number of shares of our common or preferred stock which may be purchased upon exercise of the warrants and the price or prices at which the shares may be purchased upon exercise;

 

  the date on which the right to exercise the warrants will begin and the date on which the right will expire;

 

  a discussion of the material United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the exercise of the warrants;

 

  anti-dilution provisions of the warrants, if any;

 

  call provisions of the warrants, if any; and

 

  any other material terms of the warrants.

Each warrant may entitle the holder to purchase for cash, or, in limited circumstances, by effecting a cashless exercise for, the number of shares of our common or preferred stock at the exercise price that is described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Warrants will be exercisable during the period of time described in the applicable prospectus supplement. After that period, unexercised warrants will be void. Warrants may be exercised in the manner described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

A holder of a warrant will not have any of the rights of a holder of our common or preferred stock before the stock is purchased upon exercise of the warrant. Therefore, before a warrant is exercised, the holder of the warrant will not be entitled to receive any dividend payments or exercise any voting or other rights associated with shares of our common or preferred stock which may be purchased when the warrant is exercised.

 

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Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar, if any, for any warrants will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF OVERALLOTMENT PURCHASE RIGHTS

We summarize below some of the provisions that will apply to the overallotment purchase rights unless the applicable prospectus supplement provides otherwise. This summary may not contain all information that is important to you. The complete terms of the overallotment purchase rights will be contained in the applicable overallotment purchase rights certificate and overallotment purchase rights agreement. These documents have been or will be included or incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. You should read the overallotment purchase rights certificate and the overallotment purchase rights agreement. You should also read the prospectus supplement, which will contain additional information and which may update or change some of the information below.

General

We may issue, together with common or preferred stock or warrants as units or separately, overallotment purchase rights for the purchase of shares of our common or preferred stock or warrants. The terms of each overallotment purchase right will be discussed in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the particular series of overallotment purchase rights. The form(s) of certificate representing the overallotment purchase rights and/or the overallotment purchase right agreement, will be, in each case, filed with the SEC as an exhibit to a document incorporated by reference in the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part on or prior to the date of any prospectus supplement relating to an offering of the particular overallotment purchase right. The following summary of material provisions of the overallotment purchase rights and the overallotment purchase right agreements is subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of the overallotment purchase rights agreement and overallotment purchase rights certificate applicable to a particular series of overallotment purchase rights.

The prospectus supplement relating to any series of overallotment purchase rights that are offered by this prospectus will describe, among other things, the following terms to the extent they are applicable to that series of overallotment purchase rights:

 

  the procedures and conditions relating to the exercise of the overallotment purchase rights;

 

  the number of shares of our common or preferred stock or warrants, if any, issued with the overallotment purchase rights;

 

  the date, if any, on and after which the overallotment purchase rights and any related shares of our common or preferred stock or warrants will be separately transferable;

 

  the offering price of the overallotment purchase rights, if any;

 

  the number of shares of our common or preferred stock or warrants which may be purchased upon exercise of the overallotment purchase rights and the price or prices at which the shares or warrants may be purchased upon exercise;

 

  the date on which the right to exercise the overallotment purchase rights will begin and the date on which the right will expire;

 

  a discussion of the material United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the exercise of the overallotment purchase rights;

 

  anti-dilution provisions of the overallotment purchase rights, if any;

 

  call provisions of the overallotment purchase rights, if any; and

 

  any other material terms of the overallotment purchase rights.

Each overallotment purchase right may entitle the holder to purchase for cash, or, in limited circumstances, by effecting a cashless exercise for, the number of shares of our common or preferred stock or warrants at the exercise price that is

 

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described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Overallotment purchase rights will be exercisable during the period of time described in the applicable prospectus supplement. After that period, unexercised overallotment purchase rights will be void. Overallotment purchase rights may be exercised in the manner described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

A holder of an overallotment purchase right will not have any of the rights of a holder of our common or preferred stock before the stock is purchased upon exercise of the overallotment purchase right. Therefore, before an overallotment purchase right is exercised, the holder of the overallotment purchase right will not be entitled to receive any dividend payments or exercise any voting or other rights associated with shares of our common or preferred stock which may be purchased when the overallotment purchase right is exercised.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar, if any, for any overallotment purchase rights will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

We summarize below some of the provisions that will apply to the debt securities unless the applicable prospectus supplement provides otherwise. This summary may not contain all information that is important to you. The complete terms of the debt securities will be contained in the applicable notes. The notes will be included or incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. You should read the provisions of the notes. You should also read the prospectus supplement, which will contain additional information and which may update or change some of the information below.

General

This prospectus describes certain general terms and provisions of the debt securities. The debt securities will be issued under an indenture between us and a trustee to be designated prior to the issuance of the debt securities. When we offer to sell a particular series of debt securities, we will describe the specific terms of the securities in a supplement to this prospectus. The prospectus supplement will also indicate whether the general terms and provisions described in this prospectus apply to a particular series of debt securities.

We may issue, from time to time, debt securities, in one or more series, that will consist of either our senior debt (“senior debt securities”), our senior subordinated debt (“senior subordinated debt securities”), our subordinated debt (“subordinated debt securities”) or our junior subordinated debt (“junior subordinated debt securities” and, together with the senior subordinated debt securities and the subordinated debt securities, the “subordinated securities”). Debt securities, whether senior, senior subordinated, subordinated or junior subordinated, may be issued as convertible debt securities or exchangeable debt securities.

We have summarized herein certain terms and provisions of the form of indenture (the “indenture”). The summary is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the actual text of the indenture. The indenture is an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. You should read the indenture for the provisions which may be important to you. The indenture is subject to and governed by the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended.

The indenture does not limit the amount of debt securities which we may issue. We may issue debt securities up to an aggregate principal amount as we may authorize from time to time which securities may be in any currency or currency unit designated by us. The terms of each series of debt securities will be established by or pursuant to (a) a supplemental indenture, (b) a resolution of our board of directors, or (c) an officers’ certificate pursuant to authority granted under a resolution of our board of directors. The prospectus supplement will describe the terms of any debt securities being offered, including:

 

  the title of the debt securities;

 

  the limit, if any, upon the aggregate principal amount or issue price of the debt securities of a series;

 

  ranking of the specific series of debt securities relative to other outstanding indebtedness, including any debt of any of our subsidiaries;

 

  the price or prices at which the debt securities will be issued;

 

  the designation, aggregate principal amount and authorized denominations of the series of debt securities;

 

  the issue date or dates of the series and the maturity date of the series;

 

  whether the securities will be issued at par or at a premium over or a discount from their face amount;

 

  the interest rate, if any, and the method for calculating the interest rate and basis upon which interest shall be calculated;

 

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  the right, if any, to extend interest payment periods and the duration of the extension;

 

  the interest payment dates and the record dates for the interest payments;

 

  any mandatory or optional redemption terms or prepayment, conversion, sinking fund or exchangeability or convertibility provisions;

 

  the currency of denomination of the securities;

 

  the place where we will pay principal, premium, if any, and interest, if any, and the place where the debt securities may be presented for transfer;

 

  if payments of principal of, premium, if any, or interest, if any, on the debt securities will be made in one or more currencies or currency units other than that or those in which the debt securities are denominated, the manner in which the exchange rate with respect to these payments will be determined;

 

  if other than denominations of $1,000 or multiples of $1,000, the denominations the debt securities will be issued in;

 

  whether the debt securities will be issued in the form of global securities or certificates;

 

  the applicability of and additional provisions, if any, relating to the defeasance of the debt securities;

 

  the portion of principal amount of the debt securities payable upon declaration of acceleration of the maturity date, if other than the entire principal amount;

 

  the currency or currencies, if other than the currency of the United States, in which principal and interest will be paid;

 

  the dates on which premium, if any, will be paid;

 

  any addition to or change in the “Events of Default” described in this prospectus or in the indenture with respect to the debt securities and any change in the acceleration provisions described in this prospectus or in the indenture with respect to the debt securities;

 

  any addition to or change in the covenants described in the prospectus or in the indenture with respect to the debt securities;

 

  our right, if any, to defer payment of interest and the maximum length of this deferral period; and

 

  other specific terms, including any additional events of default or covenants.

We may issue debt securities at a discount below their stated principal amount. Even if we do not issue the debt securities below their stated principal amount, for United States federal income tax purposes the debt securities may be deemed to have been issued with a discount because of certain interest payment characteristics. We will describe in any applicable prospectus supplement the United States federal income tax considerations applicable to debt securities issued at a discount or deemed to be issued at a discount, and will describe any special United States federal income tax considerations that may be applicable to the particular debt securities.

We may structure one or more series of subordinated securities so that they qualify as capital under federal regulations applicable to bank holding companies. We may adopt this structure whether or not those regulations may be applicable to us at the time of issuance.

 

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The debt securities will represent our general unsecured obligations. Holders of the debt securities should look only to our assets for payments on the debt securities. The indenture does not limit the incurrence or issuance of our secured or unsecured debt including senior indebtedness.

Senior Debt

Senior debt securities will rank equally and pari passu with all of our other unsecured and unsubordinated debt from time to time outstanding.

Subordinated Debt

The indenture does not limit our ability to issue subordinated debt securities. Any subordination provisions of a particular series of debt securities will be set forth in the supplemental indenture, board resolution or officers’ certificate related to that series of debt securities and will be described in the relevant prospectus supplement.

If a future prospectus supplement is delivered in connection with a series of subordinated debt securities, that prospectus supplement, or the information incorporated by reference in that prospectus supplement, will set forth the approximate amount of senior indebtedness outstanding as of the end of the then-most recent fiscal quarter.

Conversion or Exchange Rights

Debt securities may be convertible into or exchangeable for our other securities or property. The terms and conditions of conversion or exchange will be set forth in the supplemental indenture, board resolution or officers’ certificate related to that series of debt securities and will be described in the relevant prospectus supplement. The terms will include, among others, the following:

 

  the conversion or exchange price;

 

  the conversion or exchange period;

 

  provisions regarding our ability or the ability of the holder to convert or exchange the debt securities;

 

  events requiring adjustment to the conversion or exchange price; and

 

  provisions affecting conversion or exchange in the event of our redemption of the debt securities.

Merger, Consolidation or Sale of Assets

The indenture prohibits us from merging into or consolidating with any other person or selling, leasing or conveying substantially all of our assets and the assets of our subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any person, unless:

 

  either we are the continuing corporation or the successor corporation or the person which acquires by sale, lease or conveyance substantially all our or our subsidiaries’ assets is a corporation organized under the laws of the United States, any state thereof, or the District of Columbia, and expressly assumes the due and punctual payment of the principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on all the debt securities and the due performance of every covenant of the indenture to be performed or observed by us, by supplemental indenture satisfactory to the trustee, executed and delivered to the trustee by such corporation;

 

  immediately after giving effect to such transactions, no Event of Default described under the caption “Events of Default and Remedies” below or event which, after notice or lapse of time or both would become an Event of Default, has happened and is continuing; and

 

  we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and an opinion of counsel each stating that such transaction and such supplemental indenture comply with the indenture provisions relating to merger, consolidation and sale of assets.

 

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Upon any consolidation or merger with or into any other person or any sale, conveyance, lease, or other transfer of all or substantially all of our or our subsidiaries’ assets to any person, the successor person shall succeed, and be substituted for, us under the indenture and each series of outstanding debt securities, and we shall be relieved of all obligations under the indenture and each series of outstanding debt securities to the extent we were the predecessor person.

Events of Default and Remedies

When we use the term “Event of Default” in the indenture with respect to the debt securities of any series, we mean:

 

  default in paying interest on the debt securities when it becomes due and the default continues for a period of 30 days or more;

 

  default in paying principal, or premium, if any, on the debt securities when due;

 

  default is made in the payment of any sinking or purchase fund or analogous obligation when the same becomes due, and such default continues for 30 days or more;

 

  default in the performance, or breach, of any covenant or warranty in the indenture (other than defaults specified in the first, second or third bullets above) and the default or breach continues for a period of 60 days or more after we receive written notice of such default from the trustee or we and the trustee receive notice from the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of the series;

 

  certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, administration or similar proceedings with respect to us have occurred; and

 

  any other Event of Default provided with respect to debt securities of that series that is set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement accompanying this prospectus.

No Event of Default with respect to a particular series of debt securities (except as to certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization) necessarily constitutes an Event of Default with respect to any other series of debt securities. The occurrence of certain Events of Default or an acceleration under the indenture may constitute an event of default under certain of our other indebtedness that we may have outstanding from time to time. Unless otherwise provided by the terms of an applicable series of debt securities, if an Event of Default under the indenture occurs with respect to the debt securities of any series and is continuing, then the trustee or the holders of not less than 51% of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series may by written notice require us to repay immediately the entire principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series (or such lesser amount as may be provided in the terms of the securities), together with all accrued and unpaid interest and premium, if any. In the case of an Event of Default resulting from certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization, the principal (or such specified amount) of and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on all outstanding debt securities will become and be immediately due and payable without any declaration or other act on the part of the trustee or any holder of outstanding debt securities. We refer you to the prospectus supplement relating to any series of debt securities that are discount securities for the particular provisions relating to acceleration of a portion of the principal amount of such discount securities upon the occurrence of an Event of Default.

After a declaration of acceleration, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of outstanding debt securities of any series may rescind this accelerated payment requirement if all existing Events of Default, except for nonpayment of the principal on the debt securities of that series that has become due solely as a result of the accelerated payment requirement, have been cured or waived and if the rescission of acceleration would not conflict with any judgment or decree. The holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series also have the right to waive past defaults, except a default in paying principal or interest on any outstanding debt security, or in respect of a covenant or a provision that cannot be modified or amended without the consent of all holders of the debt securities of that series.

 

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No holder of any debt security may seek to institute a proceeding with respect to the indenture unless such holder has previously given written notice to the trustee of a continuing Event of Default, the holders of not less than 51% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of the series have made a written request to the trustee to institute proceedings in respect of the Event of Default, the holder or holders have offered reasonable indemnity to the trustee and the trustee has failed to institute such proceeding within 60 days after it received this notice. In addition, within this 60-day period the trustee must not have received directions inconsistent with this written request by holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series. These limitations do not apply, however, to a suit instituted by a holder of a debt security for the enforcement of the payment of principal, interest or any premium on or after the due dates for such payment.

During the existence of an Event of Default actually known to a responsible officer of the trustee, the trustee is required to exercise the rights and powers vested in it under the indenture and use the same degree of care and skill in its exercise as a prudent person would under the circumstances in the conduct of that person’s own affairs. If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the trustee is not under any obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers at the request or direction of any of the holders unless the holders have offered to the trustee security or indemnity reasonably satisfactory to the trustee. Subject to certain provisions, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the trustee, or exercising any trust, or power conferred on the trustee.

The trustee will, within 90 days after receiving notice of any default, give notice of the default to the holders of the debt securities of that series, unless the default was already cured or waived. Unless there is a default in paying principal, interest or any premium when due, the trustee can withhold giving notice to the holders if it determines in good faith that the withholding of notice is in the interest of the holders. In the case of a default specified in the fourth bullet above describing Events of Default, no notice of default to the holders of the debt securities of that series will be given until 60 days after the occurrence of the event of default.

The indenture requires us, within 120 days after the end of our fiscal year, to furnish to the trustee a statement as to compliance with the indenture. The indenture provides that the trustee may withhold notice to the holders of debt securities of any series of any Event of Default (except in payment on any debt securities of that series) with respect to debt securities of that series if it in good faith determines that withholding notice is in the interest of the holders of those debt securities.

Modification and Waiver

The indenture may be amended or modified without the consent of any holder of debt securities in order to:

 

  evidence a successor to the trustee;

 

  cure ambiguities, defects or inconsistencies;

 

  provide for the assumption of our obligations in the case of a merger or consolidation or transfer of all or substantially all of our assets that complies with the covenant described under “- Merger, Consolidation or Sale of Assets”;

 

  make any change that would provide any additional rights or benefits to the holders of the debt securities of a series;

 

  add guarantors or co-obligors with respect to the debt securities of any series;

 

  secure the debt securities of a series;

 

  establish the form or forms of debt securities of any series;

 

  add additional Events of Default with respect to the debt securities of any series;

 

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  add additional provisions as may be expressly permitted by the Trust Indenture Act;

 

  maintain the qualification of the indenture under the Trust Indenture Act; or

 

  make any change that does not adversely affect in any material respect the interests of any holder.

Other amendments and modifications of the indenture or the debt securities issued may be made with the consent of the holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of each series affected by the amendment or modification. However, no modification or amendment may, without the consent of the holder of each outstanding debt security affected:

 

  change the maturity date or the stated payment date of any payment of premium or interest payable on the debt securities;

 

  reduce the principal amount, or extend the fixed maturity, of the debt securities;

 

  change the method of computing the amount of principal or any interest of any debt security;

 

  change or waive the redemption or repayment provisions of the debt securities;

 

  change the currency in which principal, any premium or interest is paid or the place of payment;

 

  reduce the percentage in principal amount outstanding of debt securities of any series which must consent to an amendment, supplement or waiver or consent to take any action;

 

  impair the right to institute suit for the enforcement of any payment on the debt securities;

 

  waive a payment default with respect to the debt securities;

 

  reduce the interest rate or extend the time for payment of interest on the debt securities;

 

  adversely affect the ranking or priority of the debt securities of any series; or

 

  release any guarantor or co-obligor from any of its obligations under its guarantee or the indenture, except in compliance with the terms of the indenture.

Satisfaction, Discharge and Covenant Defeasance

We may terminate our obligations under the indenture with respect to the outstanding debt securities of any series, when:

 

  either:

 

    all debt securities of any series issued that have been authenticated and delivered have been delivered to the trustee for cancellation; or

 

    all the debt securities of any series issued that have not been delivered to the trustee for cancellation have become due and payable, will become due and payable within one year, or are to be called for redemption within one year and we have made arrangements satisfactory to the trustee for the giving of notice of redemption by such trustee in our name and at our expense, and in each case, we have irrevocably deposited or caused to be deposited with the trustee sufficient funds to pay and discharge the entire indebtedness on the series of debt securities; and

 

  we have paid or caused to be paid all other sums then due and payable under the indenture; and

 

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  we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and an opinion of counsel, each stating that all conditions precedent under the indenture relating to the satisfaction and discharge of the indenture have been complied with.

We may elect to have our obligations under the indenture discharged with respect to the outstanding debt securities of any series (“legal defeasance”). Legal defeasance means that we will be deemed to have paid and discharged the entire indebtedness represented by the outstanding debt securities of such series under the indenture, except for:

 

  the rights of holders of the debt securities to receive principal, interest and any premium when due;

 

  our obligations with respect to the debt securities concerning issuing temporary debt securities, registration of transfer of debt securities, mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen debt securities and the maintenance of an office or agency for payment for security payments held in trust;

 

  the rights, powers, trusts, duties and immunities of the trustee; and

 

  the defeasance provisions of the indenture.

In addition, we may elect to have our obligations released with respect to certain covenants in the indenture (“covenant defeasance”). If we so elect, any failure to comply with these obligations will not constitute a default or an event of default with respect to the debt securities of any series. In the event covenant defeasance occurs, certain events, not including non-payment, bankruptcy and insolvency events, described under “Events of Default and Remedies,” will no longer constitute an event of default for that series.

In order to exercise either legal defeasance or covenant defeasance with respect to outstanding debt securities of any series:

 

  we must irrevocably have deposited or caused to be deposited with the trustee as trust funds for the purpose of making the following payments, specifically pledged as security for, and dedicated solely to the benefits of the holders of the debt securities of a series:

 

  money in an amount; or

 

  U.S. government obligations (or equivalent government obligations in the case of debt securities denominated in other than U.S. dollars or a specified currency) that will provide, not later than one day before the due date of any payment, money in an amount; or

 

  a combination of money and U.S. government obligations (or equivalent government obligations, as applicable),

 

  in each case sufficient, in the written opinion (with respect to U.S. or equivalent government obligations or a combination of money and U.S. or equivalent government obligations, as applicable) of a nationally recognized firm of independent public accountants to pay and discharge, and which shall be applied by the trustee to pay and discharge, all of the principal (including mandatory sinking fund payments), interest and any premium at due date or maturity;

 

  in the case of legal defeasance, we have delivered to the trustee an opinion of counsel stating that, under then applicable federal income tax law, the holders of the debt securities of that series will not recognize income, gain or loss for federal income tax purposes as a result of the deposit, defeasance and discharge to be effected and will be subject to the same federal income tax as would be the case if the deposit, defeasance and discharge did not occur;

 

  in the case of covenant defeasance, we have delivered to the trustee an opinion of counsel to the effect that the holders of the debt securities of that series will not recognize income, gain or loss for federal income tax purposes as a result of the deposit and covenant defeasance to be effected and will be subject to the same federal income tax as would be the case if the deposit and covenant defeasance did not occur;

 

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  no event of default or default with respect to the outstanding debt securities of that series has occurred and is continuing at the time of such deposit after giving effect to the deposit or, in the case of legal defeasance, no default relating to bankruptcy or insolvency has occurred and is continuing at any time on or before the 91st day after the date of such deposit, it being understood that this condition is not deemed satisfied until after the 91st day;

 

  the legal defeasance or covenant defeasance will not cause the trustee to have a conflicting interest within the meaning of the Trust Indenture Act, assuming all debt securities of a series were in default within the meaning of such Act;

 

  the legal defeasance or covenant defeasance will not result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default under, any other agreement or instrument to which we are a party;

 

  if prior to the stated maturity date, notice shall have been given in accordance with the provisions of the indenture;

 

  the legal defeasance or covenant defeasance will not result in the trust arising from such deposit constituting an investment company within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, unless the trust is registered under such Act or exempt from registration; and

 

  we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and an opinion of counsel stating that all conditions precedent with respect to the legal defeasance or covenant defeasance have been complied with.

Covenants

We will set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement any restrictive covenants applicable to any issue of debt securities.

Paying Agent and Registrar

The trustee will initially act as paying agent and registrar for all debt securities. We may change the paying agent or registrar for any series of debt securities without prior notice, and we or any of our subsidiaries may act as paying agent or registrar.

Forms of Securities

Each debt security will be represented either by a certificate issued in definitive form to a particular investor or by one or more global securities representing the entire issuance of the series of debt securities. Certificated securities will be issued in definitive form and global securities will be issued in registered form. Definitive securities name you or your nominee as the owner of the security, and in order to transfer or exchange these securities or to receive payments other than interest or other interim payments, you or your nominee must physically deliver the securities to the trustee, registrar, paying agent or other agent, as applicable. Global securities name a depositary or its nominee as the owner of the debt securities represented by these global securities. The depositary maintains a computerized system that will reflect each investor’s beneficial ownership of the securities through an account maintained by the investor with its broker/dealer, bank, trust company or other representative, as we explain more fully below.

Global Securities

We may issue the registered debt securities in the form of one or more fully registered global securities that will be deposited with a depositary or its custodian identified in the applicable prospectus supplement and registered in the name of that depositary or its nominee. In those cases, one or more registered global securities will be issued in a

 

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denomination or aggregate denominations equal to the portion of the aggregate principal or face amount of the securities to be represented by registered global securities. Unless and until it is exchanged in whole for securities in definitive registered form, a registered global security may not be transferred except as a whole by and among the depositary for the registered global security, the nominees of the depositary or any successors of the depositary or those nominees.

If not described below, any specific terms of the depositary arrangement with respect to any securities to be represented by a registered global security will be described in the prospectus supplement relating to those securities. We anticipate that the following provisions will apply to all depositary arrangements.

Ownership of beneficial interests in a registered global security will be limited to persons, called participants, that have accounts with the depositary or persons that may hold interests through participants. Upon the issuance of a registered global security, the depositary will credit, on its book-entry registration and transfer system, the participants’ accounts with the respective principal or face amounts of the securities beneficially owned by the participants. Any dealers, underwriters or agents participating in the distribution of the securities will designate the accounts to be credited. Ownership of beneficial interests in a registered global security will be shown on, and the transfer of ownership interests will be effected only through, records maintained by the depositary, with respect to interests of participants, and on the records of participants, with respect to interests of persons holding through participants. The laws of some states may require that some purchasers of securities take physical delivery of these securities in definitive form. These laws may impair your ability to own, transfer or pledge beneficial interests in registered global securities.

So long as the depositary, or its nominee, is the registered owner of a registered global security, that depositary or its nominee, as the case may be, will be considered the sole owner or holder of the securities represented by the registered global security for all purposes under the indenture. Except as described below, owners of beneficial interests in a registered global security will not be entitled to have the securities represented by the registered global security registered in their names, will not receive or be entitled to receive physical delivery of the securities in definitive form and will not be considered the owners or holders of the securities under the indenture. Accordingly, each person owning a beneficial interest in a registered global security must rely on the procedures of the depositary for that registered global security and, if that person is not a participant, on the procedures of the participant through which the person owns its interest, to exercise any rights of a holder under the indenture. We understand that under existing industry practices, if we request any action of holders or if an owner of a beneficial interest in a registered global security desires to give or take any action that a holder is entitled to give or take under the indenture, the depositary for the registered global security would authorize the participants holding the relevant beneficial interests to give or take that action, and the participants would authorize beneficial owners owning through them to give or take that action or would otherwise act upon the instructions of beneficial owners holding through them.

Principal, premium, if any, and interest payments on debt securities represented by a registered global security registered in the name of a depositary or its nominee will be made to the depositary or its nominee, as the case may be, as the registered owner of the registered global security. Neither we nor the trustee or any other agent of ours or the trustee will have any responsibility or liability for any aspect of the records relating to payments made on account of beneficial ownership interests in the registered global security or for maintaining, supervising or reviewing any records relating to those beneficial ownership interests.

We expect that the depositary for any of the securities represented by a registered global security, upon receipt of any payment of principal, premium, interest or other distribution of underlying securities or other property to holders on that registered global security, will immediately credit participants’ accounts in amounts proportionate to their respective beneficial interests in that registered global security as shown on the records of the depositary. We also expect that payments by participants to owners of beneficial interests in a registered global security held through participants will be governed by standing customer instructions and customary practices, as is now the case with the securities held for the accounts of customers in bearer form or registered in “street name,” and will be the responsibility of those participants.

If the depositary for any of these securities represented by a registered global security is at any time unwilling or unable to continue as depositary or ceases to be a clearing agency registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and a successor depositary registered as a clearing agency under the Exchange Act is not appointed by us within 90 days,

 

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we will issue securities in definitive form in exchange for the registered global security that had been held by the depositary. Any securities issued in definitive form in exchange for a registered global security will be registered in the name or names that the depositary gives to the trustee or other relevant agent of ours or theirs. It is expected that the depositary’s instructions will be based upon directions received by the depositary from participants with respect to ownership of beneficial interests in the registered global security that had been held by the depositary.

Unless we state otherwise in a prospectus supplement, the Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) will act as depositary for each series of debt securities issued as global securities. DTC has advised us that DTC is a limited-purpose trust company created to hold securities for its participating organizations (collectively, the “Participants”) and to facilitate the clearance and settlement of transactions in those securities between Participants through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of its Participants. The Participants include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and certain other organizations. Access to DTC’s system is also available to other entities such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Participant, either directly or indirectly (collectively, the “Indirect Participants”). Persons who are not Participants may beneficially own securities held by or on behalf of DTC only through the Participants or the Indirect Participants. The ownership interests in, and transfers of ownership interests in, each security held by or on behalf of DTC are recorded on the records of the Participants and the Indirect Participants.

Concerning the Trustee

The indenture provides that there may be more than one trustee under the indenture, each for one or more series of debt securities. If there are different trustees for different series of debt securities, each trustee will be a trustee of a trust under the indenture separate and apart from the trust administered by any other trustee under that indenture. Except as otherwise indicated in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, any action permitted to be taken by a trustee may be taken by such trustee only on the one or more series of debt securities for which it is the trustee under the indenture. Any trustee under the indenture may resign or be removed from one or more series of debt securities. All payments of principal of, and any premium and interest on, and all registration, transfer, exchange, authentication and delivery of, the debt securities of a series will be effected by the trustee for that series at an office designated by the trustee in New York, New York.

Governing Law

The indenture and each series of debt securities are governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF RIGHTS

We summarize below some of the provisions that will apply to the subscription rights unless the applicable prospectus supplement provides otherwise. This summary may not contain all information that is important to you. The complete terms of such rights will be contained in the applicable rights certificate and rights agreement. These documents have been or will be included or incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. You should read the rights certificate and the rights agreement. You should also read the prospectus supplement, which will contain additional information and which may update or change some of the information below.

General

We may issue, together with common or preferred stock or warrants as units or separately, subscription rights for the purchase of shares of our common or preferred stock, warrants or debt securities. The terms of each right will be discussed in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the particular series of rights. The form(s) of certificate representing the rights and/or the rights agreement, will be, in each case, filed with the SEC as an exhibit to a document incorporated by reference in the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part on or prior to the date of any prospectus supplement relating to an offering of the particular rights. The following summary of material provisions of the rights and rights agreement is subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of the rights agreement and rights certificate applicable to a particular series of rights.

The prospectus supplement relating to any series of rights that are offered by this prospectus will describe, among other things, the following terms to the extent they are applicable to that series of rights:

 

  the price, if any, for the rights;

 

  the exercise price payable for our common stock, preferred stock, warrants or debt securities upon the exercise of the rights;

 

  the number of rights to be issued to each stockholder;

 

  the number and terms of our common stock, preferred stock, warrants or debt securities which may be purchased per each right;

 

  the extent to which the rights are transferable;

 

  any other terms of the rights, including the terms, procedures and limitations relating to the exchange and exercise of the rights;

 

  the date on which the right to exercise such rights shall commence, and the date on which such rights shall expire;

 

  the extent to which the rights may include an over-subscription privilege with respect to unsubscribed securities or an over-allotment privilege to the extent the securities are fully subscribed; and

 

  if applicable, the material terms of any standby underwriting or purchase arrangement which may be entered into by us in connection with the offering of such rights.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar, if any, for any subscription rights will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF UNITS

We may issue units comprised of one or more of the other securities described in this prospectus in any combination. Each unit will be issued so that the holder of the unit is also the holder of each security included in the unit. Thus, the holder of a unit will have the rights and obligations of a holder of each included security (but, to the extent convertible securities are included in the units, the holder of the units will be deemed the holder of the convertible securities and not the holder of the underlying securities). The unit agreement under which a unit is issued, if any, may provide that the securities included in the unit may not be held or transferred separately, at any time or at any time before a specified date. The applicable prospectus supplement may describe:

 

  the designation and terms of the units and of the securities comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances those securities may be held or transferred separately;

 

  any provisions for the issuance, payment, settlement, transfer or exchange of the units or of the securities comprising the units;

 

  the terms of the unit agreement governing the units;

 

  United States federal income tax considerations relevant to the units; and

 

  whether the units will be issued in fully registered global form.

This summary of certain general terms of units and any summary description of units in the applicable prospectus supplement do not purport to be complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to all provisions of the applicable unit agreement and, if applicable, collateral arrangements and depositary arrangements relating to such units. The forms of the unit agreements and other documents relating to a particular issue of units will be filed with the SEC each time we issue units, and you should read those documents for provisions that may be important to you.

 

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

Initial Offering and Sale of Securities

Unless otherwise set forth in a prospectus supplement accompanying this prospectus, we, and certain holders of our securities, may sell the securities being offered hereby, from time to time, by one or more of the following methods:

 

  to or through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters;

 

  through one or more underwriters without a syndicate for them to offer and sell to the public;

 

  through dealers or agents; and

 

  to investors directly in negotiated sales or in competitively bid transactions.

Offerings of securities covered by this prospectus also may be made into an existing trading market for those securities in transactions at other than a fixed price, either:

 

  on or through the facilities of Nasdaq, the NYSE or any other securities exchange or quotation or trading service on which those securities may be listed, quoted, or traded at the time of sale; and/or

 

  to or through a market maker otherwise than on the securities exchanges or quotation or trading services set forth above.

Those at-the-market offerings, if any, will be conducted by underwriters acting as principal or agent of us, who may also be third-party sellers of securities as described above. The prospectus supplement with respect to the offered securities will set forth the terms of the offering of the offered securities, including:

 

  the name or names of any underwriters, dealers or agents;

 

  the purchase price of the offered securities and the proceeds to us from such sale;

 

  any underwriting discounts and commissions or agency fees and other items constituting underwriters’ or agents’ compensation;

 

  any initial public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers;

 

  any securities exchange on which such offered securities may be listed; and

 

  any underwriter, agent or dealer involved in the offer and sale of any series of the securities will be named in the prospectus supplement.

The distribution of the securities may be effected from time to time in one or more transactions:

 

  at fixed prices, which may be changed;

 

  at market prices prevailing at the time of the sale;

 

  at varying prices determined at the time of sale; or

 

  at negotiated prices.

 

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Each prospectus supplement will set forth the manner and terms of an offering of securities including:

 

  whether that offering is being made to underwriters or through agents or directly;

 

  the rules and procedures for any auction or bidding process, if used;

 

  the securities’ purchase price or initial public offering price; and

 

  the proceeds we anticipate from the sale of the securities, if any.

Sales Through Underwriters

If underwriters are used in the sale of some or all of the securities covered by this prospectus, the underwriters will acquire the securities for their own account. The underwriters may resell the securities, either directly to the public or to securities dealers, at various times in one or more transactions, including negotiated transactions, at a fixed public offering price or at varying prices determined at the time of sale. The obligations of the underwriters to purchase the securities will be subject to certain conditions. Unless indicated otherwise in a prospectus supplement, the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all the securities of the series offered if any of the securities are purchased.

Any initial public offering price and any concessions allowed or reallowed to dealers may be changed intermittently.

Sales Through Agents

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, when securities are sold through an agent, the designated agent will agree, for the period of its appointment as agent, to use its best efforts to sell the securities for our account and will receive commissions from us as will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Securities bought in accordance with a redemption or repayment under their terms also may be offered and sold, if so indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, in connection with a remarketing by one or more firms acting as principals for their own accounts or as agents for us. Any remarketing firm will be identified and the terms of its agreement, if any, with us and its compensation will be described in the prospectus supplement. Remarketing firms may be deemed to be underwriters in connection with the securities remarketed by them.

If so indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may authorize agents, underwriters or dealers to solicit offers by certain specified institutions to purchase securities at a price set forth in the prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a future date specified in the prospectus supplement. These contracts will be subject only to those conditions set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement, and the prospectus supplement will set forth the commissions payable for solicitation of these contracts.

Direct Sales

We may also sell offered securities directly to institutional investors or others. In this case, no underwriters or agents would be involved. The terms of such sales will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

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General Information

Broker-dealers, agents or underwriters may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from us and/or the purchasers of securities for whom such broker-dealers, agents or underwriters may act as agents or to whom they sell as principal, or both (this compensation to a particular broker-dealer might be in excess of customary commissions).

Underwriters, dealers and agents that participate in any distribution of the offered securities may be deemed “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act, so any discounts or commissions they receive in connection with the distribution may be deemed to be underwriting compensation. Those underwriters and agents may be entitled, under their agreements with us, to indemnification by us against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribution by us to payments that they may be required to make in respect of those civil liabilities. Certain of those underwriters or agents may be customers of, engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us or our affiliates in the ordinary course of business. We will identify any underwriters or agents, and describe their compensation, in a prospectus supplement. Any institutional investors or others that purchase offered securities directly, and then resell the securities, may be deemed to be underwriters, and any discounts or commissions received by them from us and any profit on the resale of the securities by them may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act.

We will file a supplement to this prospectus, if required, pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, if we enter into any material arrangement with a broker, dealer, agent or underwriter for the sale of securities through a block trade, special offering, exchange distribution or secondary distribution or a purchase by a broker or dealer. Such prospectus supplement will disclose:

 

  the name of any participating broker, dealer, agent or underwriter;

 

  the number and type of securities involved;

 

  the price at which such securities were sold;

 

  any securities exchanges on which such securities may be listed;

 

  the commissions paid or discounts or concessions allowed to any such broker, dealer, agent or underwriter where applicable; and

 

  other facts material to the transaction.

In order to facilitate the offering of certain securities under this prospectus or an applicable prospectus supplement, certain persons participating in the offering of those securities may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of those securities during and after the offering of those securities. Specifically, if the applicable prospectus supplement permits, the underwriters of those securities may over-allot or otherwise create a short position in those securities for their own account by selling more of those securities than have been sold to them by us and may elect to cover any such short position by purchasing those securities in the open market.

In addition, the underwriters may stabilize or maintain the price of those securities by bidding for or purchasing those securities in the open market and may impose penalty bids, under which selling concessions allowed to syndicate members or other broker-dealers participating in the offering are reclaimed if securities previously distributed in the offering are repurchased in connection with stabilization transactions or otherwise. The effect of these transactions may be to stabilize or maintain the market price of the securities at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. The imposition of a penalty bid may also affect the price of securities to the extent that it discourages resales of the securities. No representation is made as to the magnitude or effect of any such stabilization or other transactions. Such transactions, if commenced, may be discontinued at any time.

In order to comply with the securities laws of certain states, if applicable, the securities must be sold in such jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in certain states the securities may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

 

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Rule 15c6-1 under the Exchange Act generally requires that trades in the secondary market settle in three business days, unless the parties to any such trade expressly agree otherwise. Your prospectus supplement may provide that the original issue date for your securities may be more than three scheduled business days after the trade date for your securities. Accordingly, in such a case, if you wish to trade securities on any date prior to the third business day before the original issue date for your securities, you will be required, by virtue of the fact that your securities initially are expected to settle in more than three scheduled business days after the trade date for your securities, to make alternative settlement arrangements to prevent a failed settlement.

This prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any applicable pricing supplement in electronic format may be made available on the Internet sites of, or through other online services maintained by, us and/or one or more of the agents and/or dealers participating in an offering of securities, or by their affiliates. In those cases, prospective investors may be able to view offering terms online and, depending upon the particular agent or dealer, prospective investors may be allowed to place orders online.

Other than this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any applicable pricing supplement in electronic format, the information on our or any agent’s or dealer’s website and any information contained in any other website maintained by any agent or dealer:

 

  is not part of this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any applicable pricing supplement or the registration statement of which they form a part;

 

  has not been approved or endorsed by us or by any agent or dealer in its capacity as an agent or dealer, except, in each case, with respect to the respective website maintained by such entity; and

 

  should not be relied upon by investors.

There can be no assurance that we will sell all or any of the securities offered by this prospectus.

This prospectus may also be used in connection with any issuance of common stock or preferred stock upon exercise of a warrant if such issuance is not exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act.

In addition, we may issue the securities as a dividend or distribution or in a subscription rights offering to our existing security holders. In some cases, we or dealers acting with us or on our behalf may also purchase securities and reoffer them to the public by one or more of the methods described above. This prospectus may be used in connection with any offering of our securities through any of these methods or other methods described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, the validity of the securities offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Lowenstein Sandler LLP, New York, New York. If the validity of the securities offered hereby in connection with offerings made pursuant to this prospectus are passed upon by counsel for the underwriters, dealers or agents, if any, such counsel will be named in the prospectus supplement relating to such offering.

 

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EXPERTS

The consolidated balance sheet of CytoDyn Inc. as of May 31, 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended have been audited by Warren Averett, LLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is incorporated herein. Such financial statements have been incorporated herein in reliance on the report of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

This prospectus is part of a Registration Statement on Form S-3 that we have filed with the SEC relating to the shares of our securities being offered hereby. This prospectus does not contain all of the information in the Registration Statement and its exhibits. The Registration Statement, its exhibits and the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus and their exhibits, all contain information that is material to the offering of the Securities hereby. Whenever a reference is made in this prospectus to any of our contracts or other documents, the reference may not be complete. You should refer to the exhibits that are a part of the Registration Statement in order to review a copy of the contract or documents. The Registration Statement and the exhibits are available at the SEC’s Public Reference Room or through its Website.

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You can read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at its Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549 and at its regional offices, a list of which is available on the Internet at http://www.sec.gov/contact/addresses.htm. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet site at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, such as us, that file electronically with the SEC. Additionally, you may access our filings with the SEC through our website at http://www.cytodyn.com. The information on our website is not part of this prospectus.

We will provide you without charge, upon your oral or written request, with a copy of any or all reports, proxy statements and other documents we file with the SEC, as well as any or all of the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus or the registration statement (other than exhibits to such documents unless such exhibits are specifically incorporated by reference into such documents). Requests for such copies should be directed to:

1111 Main Street, Suite 660

Vancouver, Washington 98660

(360) 980-8524

You should rely only on the information in this prospectus and the additional information described above and under the heading “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference” below. We have not authorized any other person to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely upon it. We are not making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information in this prospectus was accurate on the date of the front cover of this prospectus only. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.

 

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INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” information that we file with it into this prospectus, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is an important part of this prospectus. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede information contained in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.

We incorporate by reference the documents listed below that we have previously filed with the SEC:

 

  our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2016, filed with the SEC on July 19, 2016;

 

  our Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on July 20, 2016;

 

  our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 19, 2016 and August 24, 2016; and

 

  the description of our common stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form 10-SB, filed on July 11, 2002, including any amendments thereto or reports filed for the purposes of updating this description (including the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 1, 2015, including Exhibit 99.1 thereto).

All reports and other documents that we file with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this prospectus but before the termination of the offering of the securities hereunder will also be considered to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus from the date of the filing of these reports and documents, and will supersede the information herein; provided, however, that all reports, exhibits and other information that we “furnish” to the SEC will not be considered incorporated by reference into this prospectus. We undertake to provide without charge to each person (including any beneficial owner) who receives a copy of this prospectus, upon written or oral request, a copy of all of the preceding documents that are incorporated by reference (other than exhibits, unless the exhibits are specifically incorporated by reference into these documents). You may request a copy of these materials in the manner set forth under the heading “Additional Information,” above.

 

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LOGO

Up to 1,880,765 Shares of Common Stock

Warrants to Purchase up to 940,380 Shares of Common Stock

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

 

 

Paulson Investment Company, LLC

 

 

The date of this prospectus supplement is October 11, 2017