Acquisition of Patents and Intangibles
|9 Months Ended|
Feb. 28, 2019
|Acquisition of Patents||
Note 7 – Acquisition of Patents and Intangibles
As discussed in Note 9 below, the Company consummated an asset purchase on October 16, 2012, and paid $3,500,000 for certain assets, including intellectual property, certain related licenses and sublicenses, FDA filings and various forms of the leronlimab (PRO 140) drug substance. The Company followed the guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Topic 805 to determine if the Company acquired a business. Based on the prescribed accounting, the Company acquired assets and not a business. As of February 28, 2019, the Company has recorded and is amortizing $3,500,000 of intangible assets in the form of patents. The Company estimates the acquired patents have an estimated life of ten years. Subsequent to the acquisition date, the Company has continued to expand, amend and file new patents central to its current clinical trial strategies, which, in turn, have extended the protection period for certain methods of using leronlimab (PRO 140) and formulations comprising leronlimab (PRO 140) out through at least 2031 and 2038, respectively, in various countries.
On November 16, 2018, the Company completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of ProstaGene, LLC (“ProstaGene”), a biotechnology start-up company, which included patents related to clinical research, a proprietary CCR5 technology for early cancer diagnosis, and a noncompetition agreement with ProstaGene’s founder and Chief Executive Officer, Richard G. Pestell, M.D., Ph.D. The acquisition of ProstaGene’s assets expands the Company’s clinical development of leronlimab (PRO 140) into cancer indications and commercialization of certain cancer diagnostic tests.
The aggregate purchase price paid for the ProstaGene acquisition was $11,558,000 based on the issuance of 20,278,000 shares of common stock of CytoDyn at $0.57 per share, including 1,620,000 shares earned, but not yet issued, by the investment bank for advisory services. In connection with the purchase, the Company entered into a Stock Restriction Agreement (“Agreement”), restricting the transfer of 8,342,000 shares of common stock payable to Dr. Pestell for a three-year period from the closing date of the transaction. In the event Dr. Pestell’s employment with the Company is terminated, as defined in the employment agreement, the Company will have an option to repurchase such Restricted Shares from Dr. Pestell at a purchase price of $0.001 per shares. The Restricted Shares will vest and be released from the Agreement in three equal annual installments commencing one year after the closing date of the acquisition of ProstaGene.
A summary of the net purchase price and allocation to the acquired assets is as follows:
Assets acquired from ProstaGene include (1) patents issued in the United States and Australia related to “Prostate Cancer Cell Lines, Gene Signatures and Uses Thereof” and “Use of Modulators of CCR5 in the Treatment of Cancer and Cancer Metastasis,” (2) an algorithm used to identify a 14-gene signature to predict the likelihood and severity of cancer diagnoses, and (3) a noncompetition agreement in connection with an employment agreement with Dr. Pestell as Chief Medical Officer of the Company. The fair value of the assets acquired approximates the consideration paid. The Company did not assume any liabilities. The Company accounted for the ProstaGene acquisition as an asset acquisition under ASC 805-10-55 “Business Combinations” because the assets retained from ProstaGene do not include an assembled workforce, and the gross value of the assets acquired meets the screen test in ASC 805-10-55-5A related to substantially all of the fair value being concentrated in a single asset or group of assets (i.e., the proprietary technology and patents) and, thus, is not considered a business. Thus, management concluded that the acquisition did not include both an input and substantive processes that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs.
The fair value of the technology acquired is identified using the Income Approach. The fair value of the patents acquired is identified using the Cost to Reproduce Method. The fair value of noncompetition agreement acquired is identified using the Residual Value Method. Goodwill is not recorded as the transaction represents an asset acquisition in accordance with ASU 2017-01. Acquisition costs for asset acquisitions are capitalized and included in the total cost of the transaction. In addition, pursuant to ASC 805, the net tax effect of the deferred tax liability arising from the book to tax basis differences is recorded as a cost of the acquisition.
The following presents intangible assets activity:
Amortization expense related to intangible assets patents was approximately $502,000 and $87,500 and $742,000 and $265,000 for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The estimated aggregate future amortization expense related to the Company’s intangible assets with finite lives is estimated, on average, to be approximately $1.6 million per year for the next five years.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef